In this fast-paced digital world, lithium-ion batteries have become an integral part of almost all devices that are used in our day-to-day lives. Smartphones, laptops, electric vehicles, e-cigarettes, and many more devices come with lithium batteries. The compact size, high energy density, and rechargeability of these batteries make them inevitable for modern technology and sustainable energy solutions. The widespread usage of such batteries also raises a concerning issue: The risk of a lithium battery fire. These fires can have devastating consequences, posing severe threats to property, the environment, and human safety. Let’s explore the causes behind lithium-ion battery fires, explore preventive measures, and discuss safety protocols to minimize the potential hazards of these powerful energy sources.
According to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) report, more than 300 incidents involving the burning of lithium-ion batteries occurred in the aviation industry alone between 2005 and 2022.
There are two types of failures that occur in Lithium batteries: one is due to failure in the manufacturing of the battery, and the other is due to several reasons. The recent withdrawal of the Samsung Galaxy 7 from the market is a recent example of the former reason.
The other reasons are given below:
Now its the time to explore how to extinguish a lithium battery fire.
Before heading to the reason, you should first identify the various types of fire as Class A, B, C, D, and K. Despite its name, a lithium-ion battery does not contain any lithium metals. As a result, a Class D fire extinguisher cannot put out a lithium ion battery fire since it can suppress metallic fire combustion.
The lithium-ion batteries work in an electrolysis process, and liquid electrolytes are used for conduction. Therefore, they fall under the class B flammable liquid hazard, and thus a dry chemical fire extinguisher can be used to put them on fire.
A dry chemical fire extinguisher contains powdered graphite, CO2, sodium carbonate, and ABC chemicals. As we know, the battery pack burns at different times since it contains different cells. If it did, then keep the battery outside until it completely burns out.
If the fire cannot be suppressed, then fill the surrounding area of the burning battery with water to prevent further spreading.
A lithium-ion battery fire occurs when the battery overheats, leading to a rapid and uncontrolled release of heat and the possibility of flames. Numerous factors, such as overcharging, physical harm, manufacturing defects, or exposure to high temperatures, can cause this.
If not managed properly, such incidents can lead to significant property damage, injuries, and environmental hazards. By giving proper guidance and training to the people, the lithium battery fire can be avoided to some extent.
Let’s go through some of the safety measures that have to be followed to prevent a lithium-ion battery fire.
In order to follow the above safety precautions, you need the expertise of an experienced fire safety company that follows the NFPA.
As the rate of explosions from lithium battery fires increases, companies should be more careful to prevent the hazards and also inform their employees about them. For this reason, it is mandatory to partner with a professional and expert fire safety company. TAS Fire Protection offers all kinds of fire protection services, including the installation and maintenance of fire extinguishers, fire alarms, sprinkler systems, etc.
TAS Fire Protection offers comprehensive and cutting-edge fire, security, and electrical services to clients with residential, commercial, industrial, or high-rise properties. Our team of highly skilled professionals has years of experience in installing, maintaining, and inspecting fire, security, and electrical systems and equipment.
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